Water damage refers to different potential losses incurred by water penetrating into an object or area where it enables an attack of some detrimental processes like microbial growth, rotting of organic materials like wood, mildew growth, corrosion of metal, swelling of manufactured materials like metals, mildew growth, and others. In any case, the results are usually catastrophic. Water damage can also be caused by human error in entering the building without realizing the extent of the damage. In the long run, the effect of water damage could be more costly than the actual cost of damage control. Thus it is necessary to recognize damage control early so that it can be efficiently restored.
Water damage restoration is carried out by companies specializing in water extraction, drying, sanitizing, disinfecting, and restoration. The methods used include dehumidification, sterilization, drying, sanitizing, purification, and restoration. This article provides information on each of these aspects.
Drying is a primary water damage restoration step which involves removal of moisture. This step includes careful observation of the building surroundings, removal of excessive moisture through dehumidification and condensation recovery systems, drying of building materials. It is always wise to follow industry guidelines on the appropriate drying techniques. For instance, drying should be undertaken at a lower temperature than that used for sanitizing. It is advisable to take into account that the drying technique chosen for repair work may not necessarily be the same for restoration work.
Sanitizing is the next step towards damage control after the initial step of water mitigation. This includes removal of potentially harmful microorganisms and organisms responsible for causing environmental contamination. It is also important for water damage restoration to kill or remove mold spores, which are often the causative agent of illnesses such as anthrax and HIV. In fact, it is estimated that some thirty to fifty percent of all waterborne diseases originate from microscopic organisms and bacteria. Therefore, sanitation is an absolute must for both restoration and new construction projects.
The final step in the water mitigation/restoration process is de-lamination. This is a step designed to eliminate bacteria, microorganisms, and other life forms from the surface of the damaged or restored building. As a result, these organisms can no longer sustain life; they have either been killed or prevented from reproducing. To do this, de-lamination steps include washing with chlorine and water, chemical vapor compression, and vacuuming.
Mold remediation is the final step in the process of water restoration and repair. It involves finding, removing, and preventing future reproduction of mold. This is done through cleaning and sanitizing all contaminated areas and the removal of any remaining mold spores on the surfaces and in the air. Once the mold problems are resolved, the walls and floors can be re-glazed and refinished. This process of re-glazing is done in order to prevent the formation of any future microbial or mold health hazards. Finally, after the walls and floors have dried, the ceiling can be sealed to protect from further moisture entry.